The Appraisal Foundation has produced a fine introductory brochure for the public on what proper appraisals should include and how to find a competent appraiser. You can download it HERE

If you have ivory or other objects made of endangered species materials you want to sell, please take a look at my BLOG posts on the subject.

I have been active as an independent consultant and appraiser of Asian art since 1993, working throughout the USA and Canada for private collectors, attorneys, estate executors, corporate collections, foundations, insurance companies, auction houses, universities, and museums. In 2002, I joined the Appraisers Association of America (AAA) as an Accredited Member with specialization areas covering a wide variety of Asian arts including East Asian (China, Japan, and Korea),  South East Asia, India, and Himalaya fine arts and crafts. Although I possess broad knowledge of diverse types of Asian arts and crafts, both pre-modern and of the modern and contemporary eras, I understand that sometimes highly specialized expertise is required for adequate assessment. So, as needed, I engage a small, select group of knowledgeable expert consultant appraisers, dealers, and scholars of Indian, Himalayan, South East Asian, Chinese, and Korean fine and decorative arts, in both the USA and Asia, to work with me on individual appraising and consulting assignments. Since 2009 I have been a CERTIFIED MEMBER of the Appraisers Association of America in the fields of Chinese, Japanese, and and Korean arts. Since 2014 I have also been a member of the Washington, DC-based Appraisal Foundation’s Personal Property Resource Panel.

Please note that although  I am based in Lawrence, KS,  where I have access to the world-class academic research library of the University of Kansas and the extensive reference library and famed Asian art collection of the nearby Nelson-Atkins Museum where I formerly worked, I travel extensively throughout North America to see collections. Because of family in the NY metropolitan area and regular visits there to Asian art and appraiser organization events I visit NY frequently and so clients in that area generally do not incur any long distance  travel expenses. I also travel regularly to Arizona (mainly Tucson and Phoenix) and Colorado  (Denver and Boulder area), and often see clients in those states during my stays there.

My approach to appraising and all my written reports meet the ethical mandates of the Appraisers Association of America (AAA) and conform in substance to guidelines established by the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP), established by the Appraisal Foundation, a not-for-profit organization dedicated to the advancement of professional valuation, which has been authorized by The US Congress as the source of appraisal standards and appraiser qualifications. I first completed the 15-hour certification course and examination in USPAP in October 2008, and  to make sure I fully understand each two-year cycle of updates and revisions to these regulations, I take 7-hour  USPAP update courses every two years. I have completed these in September 2011, January 2013,  March 2014, and January 2016.  I strive to keep current with changes to USPAP and other issues concerning the appraising profession, and current IRS tax laws, by subscribing to newsletters for my profession and regularly attending appraisal and art law conferences.

For more information on the types of written reports I produce when completing formal appraisal assignments, please look at the “Written Appraisal Standards” post under the label “Appraisal Info” on my BLOG (click on the word “BLOG,” at the top right of the menu bar of this website). My BLOG has other postings relevant to the appraising profession as well.


I will only take on assignments in areas that I and my associates are experts. These areas encompass most types of arts and crafts, both old and new, created across Asia, including East Asian decorative arts (ie. lacquer, inro, netsuke, ivory and jade carvings, metalwork, ceramics, baskets, furniture, and textiles) and fine arts (ie. painted scrolls and screens, and wood, bronze, and lacquer religious sculpture). I have special expertise in Japanese art of all types, and especially paintings, prints, and ceramics, which feature prominently in numerous scholarly articles and three books I have authored. I personally have extensively studied and have completed many appraisals of Chinese arts (especially paintings, religious sculpture, and decorative arts) and have experience with appraising decorative arts of Southeast Asia and Buddhist art of all of Asia.

In most cases, especially for high-end museum donation and estate appraisals that the IRS will review,  I feel it is necessary to see objects in person, but in some circumstances appraisals can be undertaken using high quality photographs. Please note that I do not offer assessments from photos you send me for free.


  • Initial assessment:  always the first step in my appraisals. After inspecting your objects, I will determine if further research and a formal written appraisal are warranted.
  • Formal, written appraisals: for various purposes including insurance, damage and loss claims, museum donation, estate planning, estate valuations for IRS reporting, liquidation, equitable distribution, and matrimonial settlements.
  • Advice for clients desiring to sell their art: I introduce clients to the most appropriate auction or dealer markets for the type of art they possess and provide them with fair market valuations based on research findings so they understand the profits they might make on their sales.
  • Expert Witness at Court or before IRS Review Boards: including testifying and preliminary research
  • Advising Clients on Prices when Considering Purchase of Art Works: I am not a dealer, but am familiar with Asian art markets worldwide (both auction houses and private dealers) and thus am able to advise clients on prices in the worldwide art market.
  • Research and Valuation for Commercial Galleries and Auction Houses: I identify, authenticate, and describe art, and estimate values, both retail and fair market. In addition, I can write auction catalogue descriptions.
  • Second Opinion Statements: for clients who require second opinions on the validity and accuracy of existing appraisals. Note that this service does not usually entail site-visits.
  • Catalogues and Inventories of Collections: for collectors needing to organize and itemize their art. This service includes digital photography.
  • Authentication of Artworks: As a respected and well-published scholar of East Asian art I am qualified to authenticate a wide range of Asian artworks. When I feel it necessary, I will solicit opinions from others (professors, museum curators, independent scholars, dealers, and appraisers) so as to assure clients that my stated opinion is accurate.


Ackland Museum of Art, University of North Carolina
Art Institute of Chicago
Art Museum of West Virginia University
Cincinnati Art Museum
Clark Center for Japanese Art, Hanford, California
Denver Art Museum
Glenbow Art Museum, Calgary, Canada
Harn Museum of Art, University of Florida
Hallie Ford Museum of Art, Willamette University, Salem, Oregon
Harvard University Art Museums
Helen Foresman Spencer Museum of Art, University of Kansas
Herbert F. Johnson Museum of Art, Cornell University
The Huntington Library, Art Collections and Botanical Gardens
Kemper Art Museum, Washington University in St. Louis
Los Angeles County Museum of Art
Metropolitan Museum of Art
Minneapolis Institute of Art
Mount Holyoke College Art Museum
Museum of Fine Arts Boston
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
Peabody-Essex Museum
Phoenix Art Museum
Portland Art Museum, Portland, Oregon
Ringling Museum, Sarasota, FL
Saint Louis Art Museum
University of Alberta Museums of Art, Alberta, Canada
University of California, Berkeley, Art Museum
University of Indiana Museum of Art
Weatherspoon Art Museum, University of North Carolina, Greensboro
Whitney Museum of American Art
Yale University Art Gallery


Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College
Crow Collection of Asian Art, Dallas
Detroit Institute of Arts
Hallie Ford Museum of Art, Willamette University, Salem, Oregon
Museum of Fine Arts, Houston
Allen Memorial Art Museum, Oberlin College
Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art
Ohio Wesleyan University Library and Richard M. Ross Art Museum
Portland Art Museum
Santa Barbara Museum of Art
University of Nebraska, Lenz Collection of Asian Art